Equality issues between men and women is still a burning issue even in 2019, although women rights and equal pay are becoming the norm slowly, there is still a huge chasm between our society and equality. Men have historically been paid more on average than women even in the most progressive and developed nations.
It is a shame that even in the present day there is still a significant gap between pay for women and men for the same job. Measures have been taken to address this issue however, wage disparity still exists all over the world and has caused a lot of controversies especially when Hollywood pay gaps were revealed.
In fact, women in countries like Switzerland have taken to the streets in protest to the unfavorable pay they receive as compared to their male counterparts for the same job. This gap in pay creates a number of issues in the long as well as short term especially affecting women.
If companies pay women less than men, then they are more likely to be economically dependent on welfare payments, their husbands/partners, parents, etc. Wage disparity also affects the economy as a whole by increasing the poverty rate, decreasing the GDP, negatively affecting the quality of life, increasing average household income, etc.
As a matter of fact, closing the gender pay gap would create around $512.6 Billion of new income as of data from Medium.
We have listed the wage disparity or pay gap status from all over the industries spanning several fields and industries below.
Gender Pay Gap Status
The gap of remuneration and pay between women and men has decreased over the years however progress has been slow.
As of 2019 women make only 79% of what men make on average, this means for every dollar men make women only make 0.79 dollars for the same exact job. This data shows that the gap decreased only $0.05 from 2015.
This figure differs for controlled gender pay gaps however and data from PayScale shows that women make $0.98 for every dollar men make for the controlled gender pay gap.
Gap Within The Gender Pay Gaps
Different groups of women are affected differently by the gender pay gap. Women with different academic qualifications are affected differently by gender pay gaps. Similarly, ethnic minorities like Latin women and African-American women have a bigger pay gap than other ethnic groups.
Asian women have the least gap when compared to the average earnings of White men. Asian women earn around $0.93 per every dollar White men make. Likewise, African-American, Hispanic and Native American women have the biggest gap when it comes to paying.
Controlled Pay Gaps Show Optimistic Data
Controlled pay gaps are measured by comparing the median salary of men and women with the same or similar jobs and qualifications. When pay gaps are measured among the groups where these factors are similar then the data shows promising results although there is still on equality.
Pay disparity and wage disparity data among controlled groups show that women earn around the same salary as men.
As it happens Asian Women earn more than White men on average as per data from in controlled groups. They earn $1.03 for every dollar for a dollar earned by White men.
Causes Of Gender Pay Gap All Over The World
Lack Of Women In Administrative And Managerial Posts
As of 2019, most administrative and managerial posts in corporate and other types of office are held by men. As the rank in an organization increases the salary also increases and when there is a void of women in the higher posts there is a big pay gap.
As per data from The Guardian in 2017 men accounted for 22% of all the employees in the healthcare sector but 56% of managerial posts were held by men.
Unequal Share Of Maternal Responsibilities And Part Time Jobs
Women are forced to take time off or leave their job entirely when they become mothers. And even after the pregnancy, as well as the delivery, ends they have to stay home to take care of their child which affects their salary. Men are slowly taking equal responsibility in neonatal and prenatal care.
In a similar fashion, women also partake in more part-time jobs than men and part-time jobs pay less than full-time jobs.
Traditional Social Expectation Of Women Taking More “Feminine” Jobs
Women are traditionally expected to take “feminine” jobs like receptionist, nurse, caretakers, housekeepers, and helpers among others while men are expected to become engineers, surgeons, scientist, etc.
This has created an ignorant social environment for women and they cannot take high paying jobs, due to social pressure. This cause is especially prevalent in less developed countries.
Lower Pay For Women For The Same Role
A historically shameful statistic has reflected the inequality among men and women for working the same job. The average pay for women working the same amount has been paid less than men.
While various acts have been enacted by various governments and there is still a huge gap between the pay they receive for the same job.